Norges Bank Investment Management manages the Norwegian sovereign wealth fund, worth approximately 800 billion dollars and holding 1 percent of global equity markets.
What I am saying is that these guys are not small and take an activist position, divesting companies such as Rio Tinto for causing serious environmental damage.
NBIM has six strategic focus areas for investment, with their top ethical priorities being Children’s Rights, Climate Change Risk Management and Water Management. Specifically they expect food, agriculture, pulp & paper, pharma, mining, water supply and electricity production companies to manage water scarcity risk. Generally they expect companies to make sure their water management is sustainable and that their governance structure can respond to water risks. You can see the details here.
Mekonnen & Hoekstra 2011 tell us that China, (a country with 19.5% of the world’s population and 7% of the renewable fresh water according to National Geographic) bears 22% of the global industrial water footprint and 26% of the grey water footprint (a volumetric measure of pollution).
Clearly if the world is going to continue to manufacture in China, there will be growing pressure on industrial companies from ethical investors like the NBIM to make sure their supply chain is employing best practice water management in China…which will take an enormous capital investment and really transform the industrial water market.